Person Living with HIV/AIDS I am a person living with HIV/AIDS. What are the rights that are most important to me? Ghana signed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which means that it is the responsibility of the Ghana government to protect all of the rights in that Declaration.
One of the most important rights for a person living with HIV/AIDS is the right to PRIVACY Privacy is the ability to keep certain parts of your person to yourself, and to not reveal them to others. The RIGHT TO PRIVACY is outlined in Article 12 of the UN Declaration, and is particularly important due to the stigma and discrimination that people living with HIV/AIDS face. Invading someone's privacy can happen in lots of ways. This includes reading someone's letters or correspondence, watching someone in their home, or revealing someone's HIV status without their permission. The invasion of an individual's privacy or defamation of character is a violation of human rights. For an individual living with HIV/AIDS, often, their HIV status is revealed to medical professionals. Medical professionals must uphold the privacy of their patients. They are NOT ALLOWED to reveal your HIV status, unless you pose a risk to someone else.This is because when they become doctors, they agree to a code of confidentiality, which restricts what they can tell other people about their patients. The Constitution of the Republic of Malawi guarantees that an individual will not be discriminated against on the basis of gender, race, color, ethnicity, religion, creed, social, or economic status. It is important to know that as an individual living with HIV/AIDS you still are entitled to equal protection under the law! Below are a few basic rights that you should be aware of
HIV/AIDS treatment by medical officers and any health research should be conducted in a non-discriminatory manner. Healthcare and Social Workers are NOT ALLOWEDto share private information (HIV test results) with anyone other than the patient, UNLESS they are given permission from the patient to do so, or if the patient fails to share information with sexual partners / individuals with whom they have shared a needle with. HIV/AIDS patients including medical personnel should NOT be discriminated against when in the process of receiving or assessing treatment, care, or research. HIV/AIDS patients have the right to consent or decline to be a part of medical research and if the patient consents they have the right to withdraw from the research at any point in time.